One of the culprits is the changes that occur to the chondrocytes—or cartilage cells. Early in life, the body has an amazing ability to promote an anti-inflammatory system conducive to proper cell growth; eventually, however, the body becomes less able to fight inflammation and has a more difficult time promoting cell growth. With these changes, the chondrocytes are less able to function in a positive, growth-focused environment. When this occurs, joint cartilage breaks down and arthritis is more likely to occur.

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