“Combining foot exercises and foot wear modifications achieved best outcome in terms of pain relief, gait improvement, and decrease in the FPI and valgus index.”

Cool study with some key points:

  • More great toe extension
    • Reduces foot pain
    • Improves stride length (less great toe extension shortens stride)
  • Modify footwear AND performing (appropriate) foot exercises reduces foot pain

Definitely worth a read.

Flatfoot-in-Indian-population.pdf